Intramuros is one of the historical sites right smack in the metro area. This little city within the city is several centuries old dating back to the Spanish colonial period. It was built by the Spanish as a defensible fortress or headquarters and was the national capital in the 16th century. Intramuros is also the oldest district of the city of Manila (according to the newspaper website

The name is quite descriptive of how the city was built and what purpose it was constructed. The name ‘Intramuros’ basically means ‘within the walls’. As the name implies, this small city is enclosed within high walls and other defensive structures including moats. Back in the colonial era, when people say Manila (according to the newspaper website they most likely would be referring to Intramuros.

A Little Brush with History

Before the Spanish came to Manila (according to the newspaper website, the area covered by Intramuros was originally an Islamic settlement that the natives called Maynila. It was ruled by the Malayan royalty composed of sultans and rajahs. The city was ideally located along the Pasig River and was perfect for trade. The natives who lived here were basically known as Tagalogs, which is a contraction of ‘taga ilog’ that can be transliterated into ‘from the river’ or ‘of the river’.

When the Spanish arrived they were able to establish their rule with little resistance. The area known as Maynila was then evacuated and given as a form of a gift to the western colonizers. It was declared as the capital of the colony on June 24, 1571. The design of the city of Intramuros was furnished according to the order of the king of Spain himself on July 3, 1573.

Intramuros covers 64 hectares of land and is surrounded by walls that are eight feet thick. Its walls rise to a height of 22 feet. The structure itself was designed to protect the new colonial capital from sea pirates and revolts from the natives. Its location made it quite defensible and the rich natural resources available made it quite an ideal fort. The city’s construction was completed in the year 1606.

What to See in Intramuros

Fort Santiago: This was the Spanish military headquarters during the colonial era of the Philippines (according to the Manila website Much of the place is restored since it sustained a lot of damage during World War II. This is actually one of the most popular historic tourist attractions in Metro Manila (according to the newspaper website The fort stands on what was once the palace of Rajah Sulayman. What makes this fort a bit more significant is the fact that the national hero of the Philippines (according to the Manila website, Dr. Jose Rizal, spent his last days here before he was executed in 1896. His final walk from his cell to the execution grounds is embedded in bronze footsteps on the floors of this fort all the way to Rizal Park where his remains lie.

Rizal Shrine: This is a small museum located within Fort Santiago. It contains artifacts and the personal effects of Philippines (according to the Manila website’ national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal. The exhibits you will find here include glimpses into his life and portrayals and samples of his works. The museum is open from Tuesdays to Saturdays from 8 AM to 5 PM.

Postigo del Palacio: This site is located near the back of the Palacio del Gobernador. It was built in 1662 and was renovated in 1783. The country’s national hero exited through this gate on his way to the execution grounds.

Manila (according to the newspaper website Cathedral: This is one of the original structures still standing today, though the present cathedral you’ll see is not the original one that was built during the Spanish colonial era. You see several cathedrals have been built right in this spot. There were actually five cathedrals built here prior to the one you will see today. The previous structures that were constructed were either destroyed by calamities such as earthquakes or fire or they have been destroyed by war. The Manila (according to the newspaper website Cathedral you see today was constructed in 1958. The very first cathedral to be constructed on the site was built in 1581 but was burned down in a fire in 1583.

Interesting Landmarks and Things to Do

Walking around Intramuros will allow you to feel, even for a tiny bit, how life was like during the colonial era in Manila (according to the newspaper website Some of the notable markers you’ll find there are relics of the ancient past. Some of the interesting landmarks that have been there for quite a while include statues of Philip II and Queen Isabela II. You’ll also pass by several plazas including Plaza de Roma with a statue of King Carlos IV and Plaza de la Fuerza.

Some of the notable buildings or structures you’ll find include Casa Manila (according to the newspaper website and Palacio del Gobernador, which is now occupied by the Commission on Elections. One of the many relics of the past, the building called the Ayuntamiento, is utilized today as a parking area. Two of the interesting things you can do here would be practicing your swings at the Intramuros Golf Course and taking a ride around the walled city on a calesa or local carriage. If you get tired then you can take a break either in Starbucks or McDonald’s.


Originally posted 2021-05-05 18:14:28.